To ensure the survival of the pygmy hippopotamus throughout its range.
Occurs in West Africa (Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Ivory Coast and possibly Nigeria). The species is less social than the common hippopotamus and is primarily nocturnal, and the pygmy hippo’s range does not overlap with its common cousin. Hippo skin contains pores that secrete pink “blood-sweat”, a thick substance allowing them to remain in water or dry atmospheres for long periods. Pygmy hippos feature in folktales: one says that at night they carry diamonds in their mouths, and if a hunter catches one he gets the jewel. It is estimated that around 2,000-3,000 pygmy hippos survive, and the Nigerian subspecies may already be extinct.
The Upper Guinea Forests that are home to the pygmy hippo is severely fragmented, and is continuing to decline in area, extent and quality as a result of logging, farming and human activity, especially in Liberia, where the largest populations of pygmy hippo are believed to occur. The species is under increasing pressure from bushmeat hunters as the forests become more accessible.
1) Continue to implement actions from Pygmy Hippo Conservation Strategy: additional research to guide management decisions, maintain conservation activities in priority sites and raise awareness of the pygmy hippo nationally and internationally
2) Appoint a ‘Pygmy Hippo Co-ordinator’ to ensure the implementation of strategic action plans to raise funds