Acanthastrea hillae is found in sub-tidal, shallow reef environments. It is able to cope well with sediment or turbid (high sediment) water. This species can be found down to depths of 20m.
Like all other EDGE Coral species, Acanthastrea hillae is listed on CITES Appendix II which regulates the international trade of threatened species of animals and plants.
There are no species specific conservation measures in place for Acanthastrea hillae but there are marine protected areas and regional conservation initiatives that may be benefiting this species.
There are a number of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and conservation initiatives throughout the range in which Acanthastrea hillae is found. The largest of the MPAs is the Chagos MPA declared in 2010 that encompasses the entire British Indian Ocean Territory to the 200nm limit. There are many other MPAs across the Indo-Pacific of varying size and effectiveness although the distribution of Acanthastrea hillae among these is unknown.
Conservation in Micronesia is being lead by The Micronesia Challenge which involves the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, Palau, Guam and the Northern Marianas Islands who have set out to conserve at least 30% of their near-shore marine resources by 2020.
Fukami, H., Chen, C.A., Budd, A.F., Collins, A. Wallace, C. Et al. 2008. Mitochondrial and Nuclear Genes Suggest that Stony Corals are Monophyletic but Most Families of Stony Corals Are Not (Order Scleractinia, Class Anthozoa, Phylum Cnidaria). PLoS ONE 3(9):e3222. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003222
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2009). Scientific Synthesis of the Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity. Montreal, Technical Series No. 46, 61 pages.
Toropova, C., Meliane, I., Laffoley, D., Matthews, E. and Spalding, M. (eds.) (2010). Global
Ocean Protection: Present Status and Future Possibilities. Brest, France: Agence des aires marines protégées, Gland, Switzerland, Washington, DC and New York, USA: IUCN WCPA, Cambridge, UK : UNEP-WCMC, Arlington, USA: TNC, Tokyo, Japan: UNU, New York, USA:WCS. 96pp.
Turak, E., Sheppard, C. & Wood, E. 2008. Acanthastrea hillae. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 December 2010.
Veron J.E.N. 2000. Corals of the World. Volume 2. Townsville. Australian Institute of Marine Science
Veron, J.E.N. et al. 2009. The coral reef crises: The critical importance of <350 ppm CO2. Mar Pollut Bul 58:1428-1436
Wilkinson, C. 2008. Status of coral reefs of the world: 2008. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Center, Townsville, Australia.
Distribution map based on data provided by the IUCN Spatial Data Collection.
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