Golden moles are so-called from their family name, Chrysochloridae, derived from the Greek terms for “gold” and “pale green”. This refers to the iridescent sheen of coppery gold, green, purple or bronze on their fur. Despite resembling true moles in appearance, golden moles are in fact more closely related to an ancient group of African mammals which includes the elephants, sea cows, hyraxes, aardvark, sengis and tenrecs. Marley’s golden mole is known from just two locations in South Africa. Overgrazing and poor agricultural practices by growing low-income subsistence farming communities have, and continue to lead to habitat degradation throughout the range of this species. The species has a highly localised distribution, which makes it particularly vulnerable to these threats.