Peter's Tube-nosed Bat
(Harpiola grisea)
DD
Overview
Virtually nothing is known about this tube-nosed bat. It is known only from a single specimen collected from montane forest in the foothills of the Himalayas. There has been extensive habitat loss in this area as a result of development and tourism. The species has not been reported for more than a century, and many researchers doubt that it survives today.
Urgent Conservation Actions
Surveys to locate any surviving populations.
Distribution
Northern India (Uttar Pradesh).
Evolutionary Distinctiveness
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
The family Vespertilionidae is the second largest mammalian family after the Muridae (Old World rats and mice). It contains 407 species in 49 genera, found throughout the world except for extreme polar regions and remote islands. The family dates back to the middle Eocene (46 million years ago). The subfamily Murininae contains 19 species in two genera (Harpiocephalus: 2 species, and Murina: 17 species).
Description
Size: 
Head and body length: approx. 33-60 mm
Tail length: approx. 30-42 mm
Forearm length: approx. 28-35 mm
Weight: 2-3.5 g
This small bat has thick brownish fur. The tips of the hairs are yellowish-brown on the animal’s back and ashy grey on the underside. The nostrils are located at the ends of tubes.
Ecology
Nothing is known of the biology or ecology of this species. Related bats appear to fly relatively low over crops and grass when feeding. They have been observed roosting in groups in the dead dry leaves of cardamom plants and in caves.
Habitat
Inhabits montane forests in the foothills of the Himalayas (approx. 1,692 m altitude).
Distribution
The species is known only from a single specimen collected from Kumaon in northern India.
Population Estimate
Unknown. Possibly extinct.
Population Trend
Unknown.
Status
Classified as Critically Endangered (CR B1ab(iii)) on the 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Threats
The species has an extremely restricted range. There has been extensive loss of habitat due to human interference, housing and tourism.
Conservation Underway
There are no conservation measures in place. The species has not been reported for over a century.
Conservation Proposed
The 2002 Status of South Asian Chiroptera: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (CAMP) Workshop stated that this species is a top priority species for research in South Asia. Recommendations include surveys to locate any surviving populations.
References
Nowak, R.M. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. Sixth edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.

Participants of CBSG CAMP Workshop: Status of South Asian Chiroptera. 2004. Murina grisea. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 09 August 2006.

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