The Bleeding toad became very rare in 1987, following the eruption of Mount Galunggung.
There were no sightings from the early 1990s until 2003, when one individual was sighted from the Cibeureum Waterfall. There is much interest over the chemical cocktail that is secreted by bleeding toads when stressed. These secretions have shown to have both antifungal and antibacterial properties, which may be why the chytrid fungus may not have had a major effect in the toads. The species is also under threat from global warming, which means the suitable habitat for many mountainous species is moved to higher elevations, meaning a smaller suitable habitat. This species occurs in the Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park. Surveys are required to locate this species and a captive breeding programme might need to be established
- Order: Anura
- Family: Bufonidae
- Population: Very rare
- Trend: decreasing
- Size: 20-30mm
This species is found only on Mount Pangrago, Mount Gedeh and Curug Lehur, Java Indonesia, at 1,000-2,000 metres above sea level.
Habitat and Ecology
This species lives on the boundary between moist lowland and montane forests. It breeds in very slow moving, streams in forests.