Boophis tsilomaro is endemic to Madagascar and has only been found in the area around Berara forest.
This species has not been observed in any other areas so it appears to be a micro-endemic of the Berara region. The species has been observed relatively frequently within its range, but its population is suspected to be decreasing. Although the species occurs within the Sahamalaza – lles Radama National Park that has also been designated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, its forest habitat was, at least until recently, limited and under strong pressure from slash-and-burn and small-holder agriculture. Ongoing site and habitat protection is required to ensure the survival of this species. This species is part of the Mantellidae frog family, which diverged from all other amphibian lineages about 50 million years ago, which makes them as dissimilar from their closest relatives as porcupines are from chinchillas.
- Order: Anura
- Family: Mantellidae
- Population: Common
- Trend: decreasing
This species is found around Berera forest, Northern Madagascar, at an altitude of 170 metres.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a highly specialised species and is therefore restricted to ecologically sensitive transitional forest. The species uses forest streams for breeding and depositing its eggs.