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25. Pocillopora fungiformis

Pocillopora fungiformis

About

Commonly known as the Cauliflower coral, Pocillopora fungiformis is only found in tropical waters off the coast of Madagascar in the Western Indian Ocean.

This species uncommon throughout its highly restricted range.

Coral reef habitat off the coast of Madagascar is known to be declining due to high levels of human impact as well as disease and warming waters with subsequent bleaching due to climate change.

In general, the major threat to corals is global climate change, in particular, temperature extremes leading to bleaching and increased susceptibility to disease, increased severity of ENSO events and storms, and ocean acidification. The severity of these combined threats to the global population of each individual coral species is not known.

 

  • Order: Scleractinia
  • Family: Pocilloporidae
  • Trend: unknown
  • Depth Range (m): 1 - 15

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 4.19 (?)
ED Score: 7.27 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct

Distribution

This species is only found in shallow, tropical waters off the coast of Madagascar in the Western Indian Ocean.

Habitat and Ecology

P.fungiformis prefers shallow reef environments where it is exposed to strong wave action and colonies can grow to 2m across by encrusting over existing substrate and forming lumpy or branching structures.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Urban development Industrial development Tourism Extreme temperatures Extreme weather Shipping Fishing Recreation Invasive species Native species Wastewater Industry Agriculture Air pollution

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org