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44. Charles Darwin’s Frog

Ingerana charlesdarwini


Charles Darwin’s frog is only known from Mount Harriet and Saddle Peak in the Andaman Islands of India.

The area in which they inhabit is less than 10km², and their distribution is severely fragmented, therefore they are listed as Critically Endangered. The forest habitat in which they currently live in is being lost due to clear-cutting, which is having a negative impact on the species. Both populations are found in protected national parks and the species itself is protected by national legislation in India.

  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Dicroglossidae
  • Population: Common
  • Trend: decreasing

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 6.03 (?)
ED Score: 24.94 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species is endemic to small parts of South Andaman and North Andaman in the Andaman Islands of India, below 500 metres above sea level, where is only known from Mount Harriet and Saddle Peak.

Habitat and Ecology

Charles Darwin’s frog is believed to be an arboreal (tree living) species of tropical moist forest. Breeding takes place in tree holes and there is larval development meaning tadpoles will emerge from the eggs.

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Loading species distribution map...

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).


Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
Available at:

R S Naveen

  • Project name: Current status, distribution and threat assessment of the Critically Endangered Charles Darwin’s frog in the Andaman archipelago
  • Project site: Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India
  • Active: 2022 - ongoing
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