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96. Cuvier’s Hutia

Plagiodontia aedium


Very little is known about the Cuvier’s hutia, although in the isolated areas they are found they are considered agricultural pests.

Hutias belong to the rodent family Capromyidae, which is endemic to the islands of the West Indies and represents an ancient, formerly diverse evolutionary radiation. Cuvier’s hutia is the only living member of its genus, Plagiodontia. It is often persecuted as a crop pest, and also opportunistically hunted for food in Haiti. Invasive species also threaten them, with mongoose, cats, dogs and rats preying on or competing with Cuvier’s hutia. Increased habitat destruction has also added to the pressure on Cuvier’s hutia, resulting in reduced population sizes.

  • Order: Rodentia
  • Family: Capromyidae
  • Population: Unknown
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 31cm
  • Weight: 1.2kg

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.14 (?)
ED Score: 20.25 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


Cuvier’s hutias are known from a few isolated areas on Hispaniola, in the Dominican Republic and Haiti.

Habitat and Ecology

The Cuvier’s hutia inhabit subtropical and tropical forest, as well as rocky areas. They are herbivores, eating plants and local crops. They produce a single young after a gestation of 119 days, and individuals communicate through soft, almost bird-like chirps.

Find out more

Loading species distribution map...

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Crops Livestock Hunting Logging Invasive species Invasive species Invasive species

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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