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109. Galaxy Frog

Melanobatrachus indicus


This is an extremely rare species, the population is fragmented with a total size of less than 5,000 km².

This species is part of the Microhylid frog family and molecular data has shown that the initial divergence of the Microhylidae family to have taken place about 66 millions of years ago, or immediately after the Cretaceous extinction event.

The main threat to this species is the conversion of forested area to cultivated land.

The galaxy frog has been recorded in several protected areas but further site management and research into this species is required.

  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Microhylidae
  • Trend: decreasing

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.85 (?)
ED Score: 42.44 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species is endemic to the southern Western Ghats of India, where it is known from only 3 sites.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is associated with leaf litter, rocks and other ground cover of moist evergreen tropical forests. Calling males have been observed next to pools in streams but there is no further information on larval development.

Find out more

Rajkumar K P

  • Project name: Status, distribution, ecology of the Galaxy Frog in the Western Ghats
  • Project site: Kerala, India
  • Active: 2019 - ongoing
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