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23. Gundia Indian Frog

Indirana gundia


The Critically Endangered Gundia Indian frog  is a ground-dwelling species, living on the forest floor of a single, small area of the Western Ghats.

Not much is known about the life history of this species because it has been little-studied since its formal discovery in 1986.  The family of frogs to which this species belongs diverged from all other amphibians over 80 million years ago, around the same time that elephants and elephant shrews last shared a common ancestor!

The Gundia Indian frog is threatened by habitat loss caused by intensive livestock production, harvesting of timber by local people, road construction, and the development of tourism facilities. The species is protected by national legislation but they are not currently present in any protected areas.

  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Ranixalidae
  • Population: Unknown
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 23-38mm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 6.22 (?)
ED Score: 30.49 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species is found in forests of Kempshole and Sakleshpur in the Western Ghats of India, 200metres above sea level.

Habitat and Ecology

The species is terrestrial, residing in moist tropical forest. They breed on wet rocks near streams. The tadpoles are finless and they scour wet rock surfaces next to streams for algae and other organic material to eat. Adults are likely to eat small to medium sized invertebrates in the leaf litter.

Find out more

Loading species distribution map...

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Tourism Crops Livestock Roads/Rail Logging

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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