This species was only ever known from the island of Makira in the Solomon Islands.
Unfortunately, the Makira Moorhen may already be extinct having not been seen since 1953. Recent surveys within the centre of the island, where the type specimen (the original individual from which this species was described) was discovered and the last sighting was recorded, have yielded no evidence of the bird’s presence. However, unconfirmed sightings from local villagers keep hope alive that a tiny population still survives. Very little is known about the species, for example they have an unusual blue frontal shield covering the top of its bill and forehead, though the purpose of this shield remains unknown. However, its reduced tail and wings suggest that it is also flightless, like other species of Gallinula. It is thought that introduced mammals may have predated upon the ground-dwelling bird. Introduced fire ants have been suggested as a causal factor in the demise of the species. Habitat loss and logging almost certainly will have been detrimental to the species.
- Order: Gruiformes
- Family: Rallidae
- Population: Unknown
- Trend: unknown
- Size: 27cm
Endemic to the island of Makira, or San Cristobal, in the Solomon Islands.
Habitat and Ecology
They have been recorded at 600m above sea level from rainforest on steep, rocky hills with many small rivers. Very little is known about its behaviour and ecology.