Psychrophrynella illimani is a rare species of frog in the family Craugastoridae.
The Craugastoridae family diverged from its closest family, between 31 and 59 million years ago, before the major Andean uplift. This species is Critically Endangered as it is only known from the type locality (the area in which it was first found) and it’s immediate vicinity. It is thought to have a restricted geographical and elevational of perhaps no more than 300 metres around the type locality. Locomotion in most Psychrophrynella species is by walking, but individuals of this species are able to jump short distances. Mining activity has been observed in the area which is a threat to this species. Due to the restricted ranges, it is likely that the predicted effects of climate change e.g. drying up of regions are likely to pose a serious threat to this species. Unfortunately, no conservation measures are known for this species and its range is not within any protected area.
- Order: Anura
- Family: Craugastoridae
- Population: Rare
- Trend: unknown
This species is only known from, Río Caballuni, Province of Sud Yungas, Bolivia, around 3,594 metres above sea level.
Habitat and Ecology
This species is found in an area which has both elfin forest and wet páramo, with abundant mosses on the ground and rocks. Individuals are found under stones by day.