Psychrophrynella kallawaya is a rare species of frog in the family Craugastoridae.
The Craugastoridae family diverged from its closest family, between 31 and 59 million years ago, before the major Andean uplift. This species is Critically Endangered as it is only known from the type locality (the area in which it was first found) and it’s immediate vicinity, which is in the province of Saavedra in the department of La Paz in Bolivia. It is thought to have a restricted geographical and elevational of perhaps no more than 200 metres around the type locality. Due to the restricted ranges, it is likely that the predicted effects of climate change e.g. drying up of regions are likely to pose a serious threat to this species. Agriculture is also a major threat to this species, as it is degrading the habitat. Unfortunately, no conservation measures are known for this species and its range is not within any protected area.
- Order: Anura
- Family: Craugastoridae
- Population: Common
- Trend: stable
- Size: 20-30mm
This species is only known from, Caalaya, Province of Saavedra, Bolivia, at around 3,600 metres above sea level.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits a moderately dry valley where there is extensive agricultural activity. Individuals of this species are found in the wettest parts of a small area near a stream where they are found under stones during the day. This species presumably reproduces through direct development; where young emerge from the eggs as miniature versions of the adults.