The pygmy hog is the only member of its genus, Porcula, and there may be as few as 200 individuals left in the wild.
Endemic to India, they are restricted to very few locations around Manas National Park in north-western Assam. They are effectively very small pigs, members of the family Suidae, standing at 20-30cm in height. They have not seen as high profile conservation attention as other South Asian mammals, such as the Bengal tiger and the Indian rhinoceros, and have not seen large scale conservation targeted at it until recent years. The main threats pygmy hogs face are loss and degradation of habitat due to human settlements, agricultural encroachments, dry-season burning, livestock grazing, commercial forestry and flood control schemes. More conservation attention is being directed to the pygmy hog, such as appropriate habitat preservation without the previous use of harmful controlled fires, or planting trees in the tall grasslands habitat they require. Successful reintroduction programmes have seen a number of captive-bred pygmy hogs return to the wild.
- Order: Cetartiodactyla
- Family: Suidae
- Population: 200-500
- Trend: decreasing
- Size: 55-71cm
- Weight: 6.9-11.8kg
The pygmy hog is now restricted to very few locations in and around Manas National Park in north-western Assam.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits dense, tall grasslands. They feed on roots, tubers, insects, rodents and small reptiles. They breed seasonally before the monsoons, giving birth to a litter of three to six.