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74. Pygmy Hog

Porcula salvania


The pygmy hog is the only member of its genus, Porcula, and there may be as few as 200 individuals left in the wild.

Endemic to India, they are restricted to very few locations around Manas National Park in north-western Assam. They are effectively very small pigs, members of the family Suidae, standing at 20-30cm in height. They have not seen as high profile conservation attention as other South Asian mammals, such as the Bengal tiger and the Indian rhinoceros, and have not seen large scale conservation targeted at it until recent years. The main threats pygmy hogs face are loss and degradation of habitat due to human settlements, agricultural encroachments, dry-season burning, livestock grazing, commercial forestry and flood control schemes. More conservation attention is being directed to the pygmy hog, such as appropriate habitat preservation without the previous use of harmful controlled fires, or planting trees in the tall grasslands habitat they require. Successful reintroduction programmes have seen a number of captive-bred pygmy hogs return to the wild.

  • Order: Cetartiodactyla
  • Family: Suidae
  • Population: 200-500
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 55-71cm
  • Weight: 6.9-11.8kg

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.23 (?)
ED Score: 10.64 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


The pygmy hog is now restricted to very few locations in and around Manas National Park in north-western Assam.

Habitat and Ecology

This species inhabits dense, tall grasslands. They feed on roots, tubers, insects, rodents and small reptiles. They breed seasonally before the monsoons, giving birth to a litter of three to six.

Find out more

Loading species distribution map...

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Urban development Crops Wood plantations Livestock Hunting Logging Fire Ecosystem changes

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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