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89. Sangihe Golden Bulbul

Thapsinillas platenae


This species is restricted to Sangihe Island, Indonesia, where there is only one subpopulation.

Most of Sangihe has been deforested and converted to agriculture and this species is virtually absent from plantations and secondary growth, illustrating an intolerance for habitat degradation. Small scale clearance at forest edges continues and clearings have been created and maintained on the ride in a few places for mist nests to catch bats for food. There is an ongoing project on Sangihe to update information on forest cover and conversion rates and to review land use management. This will be used to develop a long term management plan for forest protection and site conservation. There are plans to establish a protected area on the island.

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Pycnonotidae
  • Population: 50-230
  • Trend: decreasing

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 4.95 (?)
ED Score: 7.81 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


The species is only found on Sangihe Island, Indonesia.

Habitat and Ecology

This species prefers broadleaf evergreen forest, or light woodland, from sea level to around 1,000 metres. They show strongly favour small remnants of relatively intact forest and they are often found in small groups, perhaps representing family groups or ‘breeding units’.

Find out more

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This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Crops Logging

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
Available at: