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59. Schmidt’s Robber Frog

Eleutherodactylus schmidti


Schmidt’s robber frog has not been recorded since the mid 1980s, despite extensive surveys carried out within its range between 1998 and 2000.

Schmidt’s robber frog is one of more than 100 species comprising the diverse Eleutherodactylus genus. These species were previously considered part of an even larger genus containing more than 700 species, before it was split into several smaller genera.

Though there is still much work to be done regarding the taxonomy of this large group of frogs, which is distributed across Central America and the Caribbean, it is thought they diverged from all other amphibians around 50 million years ago. In evolutionary terms, this means these frogs are as distantly related to other amphibians as wolves are to tigers!

Schmidt’s robber frog is listed as Critically Endangered and possibly extinct by the IUCN Red List. It  was common in the past, but the failure to find any individuals would suggest a catastrophic decline, of greater than 80% over the last ten years, even within suitable habitats. The Chytrid fungus may have had a large impact on the populations of this species. Moreover, in the Cordilla Central, habitat destruction is occurring due to agricultural development and expansion and disturbance from ecotourism.

The range of this species includes several protected areas, but there is very little management of these areas for conservation. Improved management of these areas and the maintenance of other remaining habitat are essential for the protection of this species.

  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Eleutherodactylidae
  • Population: Possibly extinct
  • Trend: decreasing

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 6.01 (?)
ED Score: 24.41 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species has a restricted range in the Cordillera Septentrional and Cordillera Central in the Dominican Republic and in the Massif du Nord, Haiti. It has been recorded from sea level up to 1758 metres above sea level.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is often found beside streams in mesic closed canopy rainforests. Males call from the river and stream banks. Females lay their eggs on the ground and the young emerge as tiny froglets from the eggs (direct development).

Find out more

Loading species distribution map...

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Crops Livestock Recreation Invasive species

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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