Skip to content

Black-naped Pheasant-pigeon

Otidiphaps insularis


The Black-naped Pheasant-pigeon is endemic to Fergusson Island, Papua New Guinea.

This species is newly-split from the species Otidiphaps nobilis, which diverged from all other species 26.1 million years ago, which is part of the family Columbidae, which diverged from all other species 32.7 million years ago, during the Paleogene period. This is a large, terrestrial pigeon that feeds on seeds and fallen fruit. The species is suspected to be going under decline due to the loss of its forest habitat, which is subject to some pressure for logging and conversion for subsistence agriculture gardens. An analysis of satellite forest cover data suggested that forest was being lost in the species’ range at 3.1% over three generations over the period of 2000-2012. In 2012 there was a resumption of logging in the East Fergusson Timber Rights Purchase area, which was planned to continue for five years. There are no conservation actions known at the moment.

  • Order: Columbiformes
  • Family: Columbidae
  • Population: 1,000-2,499
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 46cm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 4.99 (?)
ED Score: 17.29 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


The species found on Fergusson Island, Papua New Guinea.

Habitat and Ecology

This species occurs in rainforest in the hills from sea-level to at least 1,900 metres. They feed on seeds and fallen fruit.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Crops Logging

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
Available at: