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New Caledonian Buttonquail

Turnix novaecaledoniae


The New Caledonian Buttonquail is only know from the type specimen (the original individual from which this species was described), which is currently in the British Museum.

This species was described in 1911, and has not been recorded since then. Fossil specimens have been found at shallow depths at the Pindai Caves, which makes its extinction less certain. Local residents report that this species was present in grass land areas in the north of the island. Although proper surveys and fieldwork have not recorded this species since the early 20th century, these efforts have not been regarded as comprehensive enough. If any population were to remain, it is expect to be tiny. The threats to this species include habitat clearance and degradation particularly due to agricultural intensification, urbanisation, fire and also the effects of hunting from introduced predators. No conservation actions are currently known for this species. This species is part of the Buttonquails (Turnicidae) family, which diverged from all other bird species 42 million years ago, during the Paleogene period. The genus Turnix diverged within the Turnicidiae family 31.1 million years ago, also in the Paleogene period.

  • Order: Charadriiformes
  • Family: Turnicidae
  • Population: <50
  • Trend: unknown
  • Size: 75mm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.22 (?)
ED Score: 10.54 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species is endemic to New Caledonia.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is known from the grasslands of the west coast and perhaps in the north of the island.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Urban development Crops Livestock Hunting Fire Invasive species

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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