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New Caledonian Nightjar

Eurostopodus exul


The New Caledonian Nightjar is known from only a single specimen taken in 1939!

As this species has not been seen since then, it is expected this species is extinct and if there was an extant population, it would be tiny. This species is part of the Caprimulgidae nightjar family, which diverged from all other species over 50 million years ago during the Paleogene period, around the time when humans and monkeys still had a common ancestor. Due to the elusive nature of this species, very little is known about its habitat and ecology. There is no information on threats, but it may have declined through the predation of introduced rats, cats and possible habitat loss due to fire and logging. No targeted conservation actions are known.

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Caprimulgidae
  • Population: Possibly extinct
  • Trend: unknown
  • Size: 26cm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.72 (?)
ED Score: 18.06 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


The species was found in New Caledonia.

Habitat and Ecology

This species inhabits coastal savanna.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Mining Logging Invasive species

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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