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Phrynobatrachus intermedius

Phrynobatrachus intermedius


The Critically Endangered puddle frog Phrynobatrachus intermedius is a highly cryptic species endemic to Ghana, and is known from very few specimens.

This species of puddle frog is very poorly known and has only been recorded at two sites in Ankasa Conservation Area, Ghana, that are 2 km apart. Therefore, it is likely the species is highly localised.

Puddle frogs of the genus Phrynobatrachus diverged from all other living amphibians around 90 million years ago. This means they are as closely related to other frogs as we are to rabbits, hares, rats and squirrels!

There is continuing decline in the quality and the extent of its habitat at known sites mainly due to forest degradation as a result of logging and agricultural development. The species occurs within the Ankasa Conservation Area. These areas are well managed despite localized encroachment by surrounding communities.

  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Phrynobatrachidae
  • Population: Unknown
  • Trend: unknown
  • Size: <28mm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 6.1 (?)
ED Score: 26.75 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


The species is only known from two sites in the Ankasa Reserve in southwestern Ghana, found around 300 metres above sea level.

Habitat and Ecology

The species’ habitat is swampy areas within primary rainforests. It is presumed to breed in water with tadpoles emerging from the eggs as part of larval development.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Crops Gathering Logging

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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