Skip to content

Purple-winged Ground-dove

Claravis geoffroyi


So few individuals have been observed in the last two decades that the Purple-winged Ground-dove’s long-term survival is now in question.

They were once relatively common, with historical reports of flocks of almost 100 individuals. Despite considerable efforts only two records are known from recent years. This nomadic, bamboo-seed specialist ground-dove appears to survive in very low numbers, moving among patches of flowering bamboos within the highly fragmented Atlantic forest in South America. The male has slate-blue plumage and deep maroon banding on his wings. The female is a much duller brown in colour. The birds apparently once followed the multi-annual flowering cycles of mast-seeding bamboos in the Atlantic forest of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay, travelling from patch to patch as the bamboos flowered and died. However, the Atlantic forest has diminished rapidly over the last century with thousands of square kilometres being cleared for plantations and infrastructure, which has interrupted the natural movements of this ground-dove among flowering bamboo patches.

  • Order: Columbiformes
  • Family: Columbidae
  • Population: 70-400
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 18-23cm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.12 (?)
ED Score: 9.48 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species has been found in areas of the Atlantic Forest in Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay.

Habitat and Ecology

This species’ is found in the Atlantic forest, especially in flowering bamboo stands. The birds travel nomadically within the Atlantic forest region, following flowering events of bamboos. Many of these bamboo plants exhibit long-term flowering cycles of up to 30 years, as such, individual ground-doves must travel often to find plants producing seeds. They have been found alone, in pairs, or in flocks of up to 100.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Urban development Industrial development Crops Hunting

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
Available at: