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Southern Hylocitrea

Hylocitrea bonthaina


The Southern Hylocitrea is endemic to Indonesia and is restricted to the slopes of Gunung Lompbatang in the far south of the south western leg of Sulawesi.

This is a newly recognised species, with very few modern observations, though one was observed by a bird group tour in July 2016. Unfortunately, there is rapid an ongoing decline in the population, as a result of habitat clearance and degradation within this species’ small range. The areas of the Lompobatang Massif are one of the most densely population areas of Sulawesi and all forest below 1,000-1,500 metres and locally up to 1,700 metres has disappeared as a result of land clearance for plantation agriculture, commercial logging and human settlement. The remaining forest is threatened by human activities. There no known conservation actions underway, however, 200km² of the Gunung Lompobatang has been proposed for establishment as a nature reserve.

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Hylocitreidae
  • Population: 2,500-9,999
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 14-15cm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.18 (?)
ED Score: 21.22 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species is restricted to Gunung Lompobatang, Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Habitat and Ecology

This species lives in dense primary montane forest, above 1,200 metres above sea level. Although this could live at lower ranges but habitat loss means it has been pushed higher. They are also found in moss forest.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Urban development Habitat change Crops Wood plantations Logging

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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