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18. Black-winged Trumpeter

Psophia obscura

About

Trumpeters are so called because they call out loudly when alarmed.

Endemic to the dense rainforest of the Brazilian Amazon, the elusive Dark-winged Trumpeter is threatened by the rampant habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation. Hunting is often perpetrated by loggers who have little to eat but bushmeat. Recent research suggests that if forest loss continues at its current rate almost 40% of the Amazon rainforest will be lost by 2050. This does not bode well for the critically endangered Dark-winged Trumpeter, which is found nowhere else in the world.

The species population is likely extremely small, and may now be restricted to two subpopulations. Previously three separate species of Psophia trumpeters were considered subspecies of a singular dark-winged trumpeter species. Changes in taxonomic status like this highlight the importance of preserving as many populations as possible in conservation work, as we could be losing species we don’t even know about.

  • Order: Gruiformes
  • Family: Psophiidae
  • Population: 50-249
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 45-52cm
  • Weight: 1-1.5kg

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.61 (?)
ED Score: 16.06 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct

Distribution

Endemic to the Amazon rainforest in Brazil, in two populations.

Habitat and Ecology

This species occur in the Amazon lowland rainforest, in large ranges. They are omnivores; feeding on arthropods, snakes and small vertebrates, as well as fruit. They have also been known to pick at carrion.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Crops Livestock Hunting

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org