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90. Lendu Plateau Clawed Frog

Xenopus lenduensis


The Lendu Plateau clawed frog is a species endemic to The Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The genus Xenopus (the “African clawed frogs”) diverged from the other genera in the Pipids family just under 50 million years ago, meaning this group is the most recently evolved within the tongueless frog family. The African clawed frogs have undergone drastic changes in chromosome number during their evolution, making them some of the most genetically unusual creatures in the world. They exhibit a trait known as polyploidy, which is when an organism has more than two sets of chromosomes. This species is under threat due to the very dense human population and the associated anthropogenic disturbances that has destroyed natural vegetation on the Lendu Plateau. Small scale agricultural activities that clear the land, drainage efforts and water pollution all have an impact on this species. No current conservation activities are known for this species and there are no protected areas in the vicinity of where this species was found. Site protection and sustainable management of the area is highly recommended to safeguard future populations of this species.

  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Pipidae
  • Population: Common
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 40-48mm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.89 (?)
ED Score: 21.64 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species is endemic to the Lendu Plateau in the northern Albertine Rift, Democratic Republic of the Congo, where it is known from multiple localities. It has been recorded from elevations of between 1,835-2,081 m above sea level.

Habitat and Ecology

This species has been found in the areas of the Lendu Plateau where the savanna forest mosaic has been completely destroyed and the vegetation now present is primarily grassland. Individuals were collected from standing waterbodies that were occasionally encountered in disturbed agricultural areas. This species spends almost all of its life in water, including a fully aquatic tadpole stage.

Find out more

Loading species distribution map...

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Crops Dams Agriculture

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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