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11. Stylophora madagascarensis

About

S.madagascarensis is a small branching coral only found off the coast of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean where it is relatively common.

Coral reefs around the island of Madagascar have been subject to significant decline due to a combination of threats including human development, deforestation and destructive fisheries such as dynamite fishing. There is no species-specific information for S.madagascarensis, however habitat decline can be used as a proxy for population declines for this species.

 

  • Order: Scleractinia
  • Family: Pocilloporidae
  • Trend: unknown
  • Depth Range (m): 2 - 20

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 4.32 (?)
ED Score: 8.38 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct

Distribution

This species is only found in the tropical waters off the coast of Madagascar in the western Indian Ocean.

Habitat and Ecology

S.madagascarensis is a stony (or scleractinian) coral species meaning that as the individual animals (polyps) of this species grow, they exude calcium carbonate to form exoskeletons (corallites) for protection.

It can be found on shallow reef environments to a depth of 20m where it prefers moderate wave action or sheltered lagoons and colonies can reach a maximum size of 25cm in diameter.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Urban development Industrial development Tourism Extreme temperatures Extreme weather Shipping Fishing Recreation Invasive species Native species Wastewater Industry Agriculture Air pollution

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org