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Bleeding Toad

Leptophryne cruentata


The Bleeding toad became very rare in 1987, following the eruption of Mount Galunggung.

There were no sightings from the early 1990s until 2003, when one individual was sighted from the Cibeureum Waterfall. There is much interest over the chemical cocktail that is secreted by bleeding toads when stressed. These secretions have shown to have both antifungal and antibacterial properties, which may be why the chytrid fungus may not have had a major effect in the toads. The species is also under threat from global warming, which means the suitable habitat for many mountainous species is moved to higher elevations, meaning a smaller suitable habitat. This species occurs in the Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park. Surveys are required to locate this species and a captive breeding programme might need to be established

  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Bufonidae
  • Population: Very rare
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 20-30mm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 6.07 (?)
ED Score: 26.1 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species is found only on Mount Pangrago, Mount Gedeh and Curug Lehur, Java Indonesia, at 1,000-2,000 metres above sea level.

Habitat and Ecology

This species lives on the boundary between moist lowland and montane forests. It breeds in very slow moving, streams in forests.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Volcanoes Recreation Native species

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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