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Nahan’s Francolin

Ptilopachus nahani


The Nahan’s Francolin or Nahan’s Partridge has evolved cryptic, black and brown plumage, which helps camouflage the bird against the forest floor.

Despite these adaptations, the species is still vulnerable to hunting and egg collection. These activities occur on a small scale in Uganda and at unknown levels in the Democratic Republic of Congo. However, the clearance of forest for timber, charcoal and agriculture is the greatest threat to this species. This is particularly damaging as the species is thought to favour a rare combination of dense canopy and understorey, but sparse forest floor vegetation. Nests are often located on the ground in the shelter of large tree buttresses, which are frequently targeted by loggers. Numbers of birds are declining and the Nahan’s Francolin is classified as Endangered. It may be that Naharn’s francolin is one of only two species of New World Quails in Africa, though its exact relationship to the Old World Quails remains a debated subject.

  • Order: Galliformes
  • Family: Odontophoridae
  • Population: 50,000-99,999
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 23-26 cm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 4.21 (?)
ED Score: 15.82 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


Found in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and western parts of Uganda.

Habitat and Ecology

This species’ inhabit marshy or riverine primary forest occurring at low altitudes. Studies suggest the bird requires dense understorey growth as feeding habitat, dense canopy growth for breeding and roosting, but sparse forest floor vegetation. This combination of layers occurs infrequently in rainforests. They are omnivorous, feeding on invertebrates, plant material such as seeds and bulbs.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Crops Hunting Logging Work Invasive species

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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