The Angelshark is an ambush predator, relying on camouflage to surprise its prey.
The pig-nosed turtle is prehistoric. This turtle diverged from all other species more than 140 million years ago.
Chinese Giant Salamander
The largest amphibian in the world, this salamander can grow to the size of an adult human.
Pillar coral possesses one of the most distinct morphologies of any coral.
Pygmy Three-toed Sloth
The smallest of the all the sloth species, the pygmy sloth was only described in 2001
The Philippine Eagle is one of the world’s largest, most powerful birds of prey.
FOCAL EDGE SPECIES
This elegant, long-legged bird kills its prey by repeatedly stamping on it.
El Rincon Stream Frog
The Critically Endangered El Rincon stream frog exists on a single plateau in Argentinian Patagonia. Though temperatures in the region often plummet below freezing, the frog avoids the cold by spending its life in streams whose waters are heated by permanent thermal springs.
Botsford’s Leaf-litter Frog
Botsford’s leaf-litter frog was only described by science in 2013.
Despite the large size of the Banded Ground-cuckoo, this species is inconspicuous and not easy to observe.
Northern Giant Mouse Lemur
This unassuming nocturnal lemur has the largest testes to body ratio of all mammals.
In the late 1800s, this species was known from only two localities in Cebu, where it was incredibly rare.
Mistbelt Moss Frog
The mistbelt moss frog, also known as the mistbelt chirping frog, reaches lengths of just 2 cm. This may be the reason why this species was only discovered in 1993, alongside its faint call, making it difficult to detect.
This is an extremely rare species, the population is fragmented with a total size of less than 5,000 km².
The giant anteater is the largest of the living anteater species and can eat up to 30,000 ants a day!
Round Island Keel-scaled Boa
The Round Island keel-scaled boa is unique amongst all terrestrial vertebrates on Earth, being the only species to have an intramaxilliary joint that can separate and split the anterior and posterior bones of the upper jaw.
Hewitt’s Ghost Frog
Hewitt’s ghost frog is an attractively patterned frog that lives in fast flowing mountain streams and rivers. The tadpoles of this species develop very slowly, taking up to two years to complete their metamorphosis into the adult form.
The olm is Europe’s only cave-dwelling vertebrate, and has numerous unique adaptations for an underground life. Incredibly, the olm can survive without food for up to a decade!
The granular salamander, unlike many of its close relatives, is a fully metamorphosing species of mole salamander. It therefore develops into an adult form, losing its larval characteristics such as gills and fins, and developing adult traits such as eyelids and functioning lungs.
Taylor’s salamander exhibits some incredible features, such as being able to live in salt waters with such high salinity that it would kill most other amphibian species!
The Lappet-faced vulture has the largest wingspan of any vulture in Africa!
The Endangered Sagalla caecilian is found on Sagalla Hill, Kenya, with a total range which is equivalent to the area half the size of Manhattan Island.
Lake Oku clawed frog
The Lake Oku clawed frog is a small amphibian reaching just 36mm in length. This diminutive species is one of only two frogs known to be ‘dodecaploid’, meaning they have a staggering 12 sets of chromosomes – humans have just two!
Cuban Greater Funnel-eared Bat
The Cuban greater funnel-eared bat is the largest Caribbean representative of a small, ancient family of cave-dwelling bats that evolved in the West Indies.
The dwarf crocodile is one of the world’s smallest crocodilians, rarely exceeding 2 metres in length. The taxonomy, distribution, population size and conservation status of dwarf crocodiles remains unclear.
Sardinian Brook Salamander
The Sardinian brook salamander is endemic to Sardinia, Italy, and is often found living in cave systems.
Lake Lerma Salamander
The Lake Lerma salamander is a large species of lungless salamander, reaching almost a quarter of a metre long!
The Victoria caecilian is only known from one individual, collected in 1912, and it has not been seen since! This has led to fears that this species may have become extinct, and its taxonomic validity has also been put into question.