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Paramo Toad

Nannophryne cophotis


Preciously an abundant species the Paramo toad is now considered to be uncommon and hasn’t been seen on any surveys since 2005!

The Paramo toad is believed to still be present in some national parks and protected areas in Peru – Parque Nacional Huascarán, Zona Reservada Chancaybaños, and possibly Reserva Nacional Calipuy. Further surveys are required to try and locate this species and determine its population status.

The main threat to the Paramo toad is habitat loss and water contamination due to mining, and farming activities. The pattern of this species population decline is similar to other amphibian species that have been impacted by chytridiomycosis.

  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Bufonidae
  • Population: <50
  • Trend: decreasing

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 6.23 (?)
ED Score: 30.70 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species has been recorded from the Regions of Ancash, Cajamarca, and La Libertad, in Peru.

Habitat and Ecology

The Paramo toad lives in puna (high altitude grassland) and high-altitude plateaus. Breeding occurs in temporary small ponds and permanent shallow streams. This species has also been found on farm land but it is unknown if this means the Paramo toad is tolerant of habitat disturbances.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Mining Industry

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
Available at: