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Psychrophrynella illimani

Psychrophrynella illimani


Psychrophrynella illimani is a rare species of frog in the family Craugastoridae.

The Craugastoridae family diverged from its closest family, between 31 and 59 million years ago, before the major Andean uplift. This species is Critically Endangered as it is only known from the type locality (the area in which it was first found) and it’s immediate vicinity. It is thought to have a restricted geographical and elevational of perhaps no more than 300 metres around the type locality. Locomotion in most Psychrophrynella species is by walking, but individuals of this species are able to jump short distances. Mining activity has been observed in the area which is a threat to this species. Due to the restricted ranges, it is likely that the predicted effects of climate change e.g. drying up of regions are likely to pose a serious threat to this species. Unfortunately, no conservation measures are known for this species and its range is not within any protected area.

  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Craugastoridae
  • Population: Rare
  • Trend: unknown

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 5.98 (?)
ED Score: 23.69 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


This species is only known from, Río Caballuni, Province of Sud Yungas, Bolivia, around 3,594 metres above sea level.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is found in an area which has both elfin forest and wet páramo, with abundant mosses on the ground and rocks. Individuals are found under stones by day.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Droughts Mining

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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