The Angelshark is an ambush predator, relying on camouflage to surprise its prey.
The pig-nosed turtle is prehistoric. This turtle diverged from all other species more than 140 million years ago.
Chinese Giant Salamander
The largest amphibian in the world, this salamander can grow to the size of an adult human.
Pillar coral possesses one of the most distinct morphologies of any coral.
Pygmy Three-toed Sloth
The smallest of the all the sloth species, the pygmy sloth was only described in 2001
The Philippine Eagle is one of the world’s largest, most powerful birds of prey.
TOP EDGE Amphibians
Cophyla maharipeo is endemic to Madagascar and has only been found in an abbey garden in Joffreville in the Diana region.
Cophyla puellarum is endemic to Madagascar and is found only in the Montagne d’Ambre National Park.
The Mixe treefrog is endemic to Mexico, and is only found in Vita Hermosa town in north central Oaxaca.
Oaxacan Yellow Treefrog
The Oaxacan yellow tree frog has not been recorded since the 1960s and recent surveys to locate it have been unsuccessful.
Boophis ankarafensis is endemic to Madagascar and is restricted to the Ankfara forest fragment.
Boophis baetkei is a frog endemic to Madagascar, found in a single location: the eastern edge of the Fôret d’Ambre Special Reserve.
Boophis liami is a frog endemic to Madagascar, currently known only from Forêt de Vohidrazana and near Andasibe.
Boophis tsilomaro is endemic to Madagascar and has only been found in the area around Berara forest.
Anodonthyla theoi is endemic to Madagascar and is known only from Manombo Species Reserve.
Terrestrial Splayfoot Salamander
The terrestrial splayfoot salamander is endemic to Mexico and is known only from a small area around Tianguistengo in north-eastern Hidalgo. However, an individual found in nearby Querétaro may also be a member of this species.
Anodonthyla vallani is a frog endemic to Madagascar and is known only from a single locality within the Ambohitantely Species Reserve.
Schmidt’s Robber Frog
Schmidt’s robber frog has not been recorded since the mid 1980s, despite extensive surveys carried out within its range between 1998 and 2000.
Townsend’s dwarf salamander is the solitary representative of its genus, and its lineage may have diverged from all other amphibian species over 34 million years ago at a time when monkeys and humans shared a common ancestor.
Strabomantis helonotus is a very rare frog endemic to Ecuador, living on the pacific slopes of the Andes.
Rhombophryne analamaina is a species only known from its type locality (the place it was originally found), and the total area in which this species occurs is only 10km²! It is likely however, to be more widespread within a small range of suitable habitat north of its type locality.
Rhombophryne hara is a species only known from two localities on Nosy Hara Island, and the total area in which this species occurs is only 4km²!
Gephyromantis mafy is from the family of Golden frogs (Mantellidae), which is the most diverse frog family.
Psychrophrynella guillei is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae.
Psychrophrynella illimani is a rare species of frog in the family Craugastoridae.
Psychrophrynella kallawaya is a rare species of frog in the family Craugastoridae.
Psychrophrynella saltator is a rare species of frog in the family Craugastoridae.
Eleutherodactylus poolei, or Poole’s robber frog, is a Critically Endangered member of the the Eleutherodactylidae family and is endemic to Haiti.
Nganha Night Frog
Nganha night frog is only known from five specimens and therefore very little is understood about their behaviour and ecology.
Alexteroon Jynx is a species of frog that is endemic to Cameroon.
Palawan Eastern Frog
The Palawan Eastern frog is known only from Mount Balabag, in the Mantalingajan mountain range, on the island of Palawan and a range of just 788 km²!
The Critically Endangered Madagascar frog was described in 1974, but was not recorded again for over 40 years until 2010.
The Nyingwa Caecilian (also known as the Uluguru black caecilian) has a very distinct breeding behaviour which is rare for amphibians.
Oreobates zongoensis is only known from the holotype (a single specimen upon which the description and name of a new species is based) in January 1996.
The cave squeaker frog has not been seen since 1962, where 16 individuals were found and it was discovered as a new species.
Bale Mountains Frog
This once numerous species has only been sighted three times since 1986, and has not been found at the place it was originally found, despite repeated surveys.
Kottigehar Dancing Frog
The Kottigehar Bush Frog is only known from the type locality; Kottigehar, Kadur and from a recently discovered population at Bhadrea, India
Symington’s Robber Frog
The Critically Endangered Symington’s robber frog is endemic to the Caribbean island of Cuba.
Recent genetic and behaviour analysis of the taxonomic relationship between other tree frogs and the golden tree frogs has provided evidence for it to be placed in a separate genus known as Phytotriades, where this is the sole member and therefore monotypic.
Amani Forest Frog
Parhoplophryne is a monotypic frog genus, meaning that Parhoplophryne usambarica is the sole species in this genus.
Tiny Squeaker Frog
Anthroleptis kidogo is an incredibly small species, with adults reaching less than 1.5cm!
Overlooked Squeaker Frog
Arthroleptis kutogundua is only known from a single specimen, collected in 1930.
Montane Robber Frog
The montane robber frog is found in both Mexico and Guatemala, living in lower montane evergreen forests.
Monzón’s Moss Salamander
Monzón’s moss salamander is a Critically Endangered amphibian endemic to Guatemala, but very little is known about this species as it was only discovered in the late 1990s.
El Rincon Stream Frog
The Critically Endangered El Rincon stream frog exists on a single plateau in Argentinian Patagonia. Though temperatures in the region often plummet below freezing, the frog avoids the cold by spending its life in streams whose waters are heated by permanent thermal springs.
Paramo Andes Frog
The Critically Endangered Paramo Andes frog is endemic to Peru and can only be found in one region near Cajamarca.
Lendu Plateau Clawed Frog
The Lendu Plateau clawed frog is a species endemic to The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Taita Hills Warty Frog
The Taita warty frog is endemic to Kenya, where it is found only in the severely fragmented montane forests in Taita Hills.
Tsingymantis antitra is the sole species in Tsingymantis, meaning this is a monotypic genus.
Nsoung Long-fingered Frog
The Nsoung long-fingered frog is a small grey, black and blue species that lives along high altitude mountain streams that run through shrub and montane forest vegetation.
Guilbemantis diphonus is only known from two male individual specimens, originally found in the Manomba Special Reserve in Madagascar, where it is endemic.
Yellowbelly Voiceless Treefrog
The yellowbelly voiceless treefrog has not been recorded since the 1960s.
The Spine-fingered treefrog appears to have undergone a severe decline, and it has not been recorded in recently attempts to locate it leading to fears that this species is extinct.
Cuban Dwarf Robber Frog
The Critically Endangered Cuban dwarf robber frog is a small species, reaching around only 3 cm long, and the females are larger than the males!
Casillon Robber Frog
The Critically Endangered Casillon robber frog is a fossorial species, meaning that it is adapted to digging and life underground.
Dendrotriton chujorum is a Critically Endangered bromeliad salamander that is endemic to Guatemala, found in the northern regions of the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes.