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Straw-headed Bulbul

Pycnonotus zeylanicus


The straw-headed bulbul is a songbird with a golden-yellow crown and cheeks.

Its melodious song makes it popular for both the domestic and international trade for cage birds, additionally its lack of shyness and habit of roosting in easily accessible locations has made this bird vulnerable to trapping.

This bird is on Appendix II of CITES and is protected in Thailand (suspected to be extinct in this location) and there is some captive breeding at Jurong Bird Park. Conservation actions proposed it to add this species to the protected list of species in Indonesia. Increase policing of bird markets (particularly Indonesia), increase patrols around protected areas supporting populations. Research surveys are needed to monitor surviving populations and assess the current range and distribution, monitor numbers captured for trade and traded, and monitor habitat loss and degradation across this species range.

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Pycnonotidae
  • Population: 600-1,700
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 29cm

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 4.92 (?)
ED Score: 7.56 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct


The straw-headed bulbul once common is now only found to be a resident in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar with a breeding population in Singapore.

Habitat and Ecology

This species lives in habitats bordering rivers and streams, marshes and other wet areas which include secondary and disturbed primary evergreen forest, plantations, cultivation fringe, scrub, reedbeds and mangroves. It is most frequent in lowlands but has historically be recorded up to be living in Sumatra up to 1,600m. It is sedentary (does not migrate), generally occurring in pairs or family parties of up to five.

Find out more

This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Crops Livestock Urban development

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
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