Turbinaria reniformis is a key reef building coral, providing habitat for other reef inhabitants.
Like many EDGE coral species, there is no specific population information about this species and it is believed to be declining due to loss of habitat, climate change, coral bleaching and disease.
As a zooxanthellate species, this coral obtains a portion of its energy requirements from a symbiotic relationship with a photosynthetic algae (zooxanthellae) however due to its preference for coastal turbid waters this species relies more heavily on direct feeding, catching prey with fleshy tentacles.
- Order: Scleractinia
- Family: Dendrophylliidae
- Trend: unknown
- Depth Range (m): 2 - 15
This coral is widespread but rare, being found across the Indo-West Pacific, from the Red Sea and northern Indian Ocean to Australia, the Philippines and the south China Sea.
Habitat and Ecology
It may form large stands in turbid water but is known to grow into large plates with a diameter of over 1m.
Turbinaria reniformis, like other members of its genus, develops large and structurally complex colonies that provide a significant proportion of the benthic cover in reef habitats. As such, the species is considered of high ecological importance due to the number of species which extract some benefit from the various microhabitats and refuges that result from this species growth.