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14. Bactrian Camel

Camelus ferus

About

The Bactrian Camel can withstand drought, food shortages, and even radiation from nuclear weapons testing.

This species is superbly adapted to life in the harsh Gobi Desert, one of the most hostile and fragile regions on the planet. They are the only land mammals capable of drinking brackish or salty water with no ill effects! The fat stores in their humps enable the camels to go for several days at a time without eating or drinking. Upon finding water they will drink vast quantities rapidly to replace what is missing from their bodies.

The Bactrian Camel is probably the ancestor of all domestic two-humped camels. Camelids, the family they belong to, evolved in North America over 46 million years ago – with camels migrating and spreading through Asia, and going extinct in their ancestral ranges in the Americas.The camel differs from other hoofed mammals in that the body load rests not on the hooves, but on the sole pads, and only the front end of the hooves actually touches the ground.

Fewer than 1,000 individuals survive today, in only four locations. These animals continue to be threatened by hunting, habitat loss, and competition for resources with introduced livestock.

  • Order: Cetartiodactyla
  • Family: Camelidae
  • Population: 950
  • Trend: decreasing
  • Size: 2.25-3.45 m
  • Weight: 300-690kg

EDGE Score

EDGE Score: 6 (?)
ED Score: 24.26 (?)
GE / IUCN Red List (?)
Not Evaluated Data Deficient Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct in the Wild Extinct

Distribution

Bactrian camel occur only in three separated habitats in northwest China (Lake Lob, Taklimikan desert and the ranges of Arjin Shan) and one in the Trans-Altai Gobi desert of southwest Mongolia.

Habitat and Ecology

Bactrian camels are migratory, with habitats that range from rocky mountain massifs, to flat arid desert, stony plans and sand dunes.

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This wordcloud illustrates the threats facing this species. The size of each word indicates the extent of a species range that is affected by that threat (larger size means a greater area is affected). The colour of the word indicates how much that threat impacts the species (darker shades of red mean the threat is more severe).

Industrial development Livestock Mining Hunting Native species

Threat wordcloud key:

Small area affected
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
Large area affected
Least severe
Most severe
Severity unknown
Source: The IUCN List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1.
Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org

Ecology & Conservation of Wild Bactrian Camels in Mongolia

  • Locations: Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area, Park A in southwestern Mongolia
  • Active dates: 2007 - 2010
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Yuan Lei

  • Project name: Conservation of the wild Bactrian camel in China
  • Project site: Lop Nor and Arjin mountain, Xinjiang, China
  • Active: 2007 - 2008
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Adiya Yadamsuren

  • Project name: Conserving wild camels in the Great gobi, Mongolia
  • Project site: Great Gobi, Mongolia
  • Active: 2007 - 2010
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